## Person of Interest Leonhard Euler (Oiler)Edit

Euler's collected works filled over 70 large volumes. The size itself is a testament of the Euler's genius. His contributions in the 18th century has had a resounding impact on mathematics even today.

### Euler's Early LifeEdit

Euler was born in Basel, Switzerland, in 1707. It is not a surprise that a main whose athematical works make up such a big portion of what was written during the century would show signs of his genius at a very young age. Euler's father, a Calvinist preacher, worked out an arrangement whereby his Euler would study under Johann Bernoulli. Euler would do his best not to annoy Bernoulli with trivial problems. After studying under Bernoulli, Euler started publishing mathematical papers of high quality. Euler was still in his teens when he won a prize from the French Academy for his analysis of the optimal placement of masts on a ship. At this time, Euler had never actually seen a ship aside in real life.

### Euler's Mathematical CareerEdit

Unfortunately, Euler lost sight in one eye at a pretty young age and this blindness would eventually effect both eyes. Euler would not let this physical impairment impact his work. Even when he was completely blind he was still able to contribute to mathematics by dictating to an associate. Euler creates a contrast with Isaac Newton and shows us that genius does not always make you a bitter person.

Throughout his career, Euler was blessed with a memory that can only be called phenomenal.

Perhaps his best-known text was the Introduction in Analysin Injinitorum of 1 748. This classic matHematical exposition has been compared to Euclid's Elements in that it surveyed the discov eries of earlier mathematicians, organized and cleaned up the proofs, and did the job so well as to render most previous writings obsolete . To the Introductio he added a volume on differential calculus in 1755 and three volumes on integral calculus in 1 768-74 , thereby charting the gen eral direction for mathematical analysis down to the present day.

In all of his texts, Euler's exposition was quite lucid, and his mathe matical notation was chosen so as to clarify, not obsture, the underlying ideas. Indeed, Euler's mathematical writings are the first that look truly modern to today's reader; this, of course, is not because he chose a mod ern notation but because his influence was so pervasive that all subse quent mathematicians adopted his style, notation, and format.

Condorcet summed up Euler's approach to teaching in one concise phrase:

He preferred instructing his pupils to the little satisfaction of amazing them.

Any discussion of Euler's mathematics somehow returns to his *Opera*
Omnia*, those 73 volumes of collected papers . These contain the 886*
books and articles-written variously in Latin, French, and German
that he produced during his career.

. . . there is ample precedent for naming laws and theorems for persons other than their discoverers, else half of analysis would be named for Euler.

Leonhard Euler died suddenly on September 7, 1783.

## Great TheoremEdit

This problem may or may not have been solved by Euler. It is sometimes referred to as the Basel Problem.^{[1]}

- $\displaystyle \sum\limits_{k=1}^\infty \frac{1}{k^2}=1+\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{9}+\frac{1}{16}+\cdots=\frac{\pi^2}{6}$

Another way of writing this uses the Riemann Zeta Function:

- $\displaystyle \zeta \left({2}\right) = \sum_{n \mathop = 1}^{\infty} {\frac 1 {n^2}} = \frac {\pi^2} 6$

### Historical SignificanceEdit

First, its history renders it an important and provocative result. Second, it was one of Euler's early triumphs, announced in 1734 during his first years at St. Petersburg; by all accounts, it did much to solidify his reputation for mathematical genius.

While they knew it summed to a number less than 2, they had no idea what this sum was. Apparently, the evaluation of this series mocked not only Jakob and Johann Bernoulli, but even Leibniz himself, not to mention the rest of the world's mathematical community.

### ProofEdit

Euler's proof is dependent on
$\displaystyle \frac{\sin x}x = \left({1 - \frac{x^2}{\pi^2}}\right) \left({1 - \frac{x^2}{4 \pi^2}}\right) \left({1 - \frac{x^2}{9 \pi^2}}\right) \cdots = \prod_{n = 1}^\infty \left({1 - \frac{x^2}{n^2 \pi^2}}\right)$ ^{[2]}
Euler used the sine function to prove that
\[\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{9}+\frac{1}{16}+\cdots=\frac{\pi^2}{6}\]

## External LinksEdit

### WikipediaEdit