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Lifespans of Key MathematiciansEdit

  • Thales of Miletus (c. 624 – c. 546 BC)
  • Pythagoras of Samos (c. 570 – c. 495 BC)
  • Plato (424/423 – 348/347 BC)
  • Eudoxus of Cnidus (c. 408 – c. 347 BC)
  • Archimedes of Syracuse ( c. 287 – c. 212 BC)
  • Claudius Ptolemy (c. AD 90 – c. 168)
  • Fra Luca Bartolomeo de Pacioli (1445 – 1517)
  • Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia (1499/1500 – 13 December 1557)
  • Gerolamo Cardano (24 September 1501 – 21 September 1576)
  • John Napier of Merchiston (1550 – 4 April 1617)
  • Henry Briggs (February 1561 – 26 January 1630)
  • René Descartes (March 1596 – 11 February 1650)
  • Pierre de Fermat (August 1601 or 1607/8 – 12 January 1665)
  • Blaise Pascal (19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662)
  • Christiaan Huygens (4 April 1629 – 8 July 1695)
  • Isaac Barrow (October 1630 – 4 May 1677)
  • Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727)
  • Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (July 1, 1646 – November 14, 1716)
  • Jacob Bernoulli (27 December 1654 – 16 August 1705)
  • Guillaume François Antoine, Marquis de l'Hôpital (1661 – 2 February 1704)
  • Johann Bernoulli (27 July 1667 – 1 January 1748)
  • Christian Goldbach (March 18, 1690 – November 20, 1764)
  • Leonhard Euler (15 April 1707 – 18 September 1783)
  • Jean-Baptiste le Rond d'Alembert (16 November 1717 – 29 October 1783)
  • Marie-Sophie Germain (April 1, 1776 – June 27, 1831)
  • Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (30 April 1777 – 23 February 1855)
  • Baron Augustin-Louis Cauchy (21 August 1789 – 23 May 1857)
  • Georg Ferdinand Ludwig Philipp Cantor (March 3, 1845 – January 6, 1918)
  • David Hilbert (23 January 1862 – 14 February 1943)
  • Bertrand Arthur William Russell (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970)
  • Sir Andrew John Wiles (11 April 1953 - )



Key EventsEdit

  • Development of Agriculture (15,000 - 10,000 BC)
  • Egyptians use primitive numeric system. (2000 BC)
  • Babylonians find large pythagorean triples. Have Base-60 numeral system. (1900 - 1600 BC)
  • Spread of Greek Culture across Mediterranean (300 BC)
  • Alexandria established (332 BC)
  • Euclid sets up a school of mathematics in Alexandria. (300 BC)
  • Syracuse fell to the Roman Marcellus (212 BC)
  • Punic Wars end with Rome's destruction of Carthage. (146 BC)
  • Heron's Formula for Triangular Area: (AD 75)
  • Destruction of Alexandria (641 AD)
  • Johann Bernoulli publishes a chal­lenge problem in Leibniz's journal Acta Eruditorum. (June, 1696)
  • Euler appointed to the St. Petersburg Academy. (1727)
  • Euler lands a mathematical chair at St. Petersburg Academy. (1733)
  • Euler loses vision completely. (1771)
  • Germain wins a prize from the French Academy (1816)
  • Gauss learns that Germain is a woman (1807
  • Germain was to be awarded an honorary doctorate from Gottingen, but died before she could receive it. (1831)
  • Cantor writes on the Goldbach conjecture. (1894)
  • Gutenberg printing press. (1450)
  • Don Quixote (1605)
  • Hamlet (1601)
  • Wiles final version for the proof of Fermat's last theorem published in Annals of Mathematics. (1995)
  • Sturbridge Fair (1663)
  • James II , the last of the Stuart kings, fled the throne, to be replaced by William III and Mary II (1688)




Notable PublicationsEdit

ArchimedesEdit

  • Measurement of a Circle (225 BC)

PacioliEdit

  • Summa de arithmetica, geometria, proportioni et proportionalità

FontanaEdit

  • General Trattato di numeri, et misure (1556)

CardanoEdit

  • Ars Magna (1545)

John NapierEdit

  • Mirifici Logarithmorum Canonis Descriptio (1614)

Henry BriggsEdit

  • Arithmetica Logarithmica (1624)

DescartesEdit

  • La Géométrie (1637)

Blaise PascalEdit

  • De l'Esprit géométrique

Christiaan HuygensEdit

  • De ratiociniis in ludo aleae (1657)

Isaac BarrowEdit

  • Lectiones Mathematicae (1683)

NewtonEdit

  • Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1687)

LeibnizEdit

  • A New Method for Maxima and Minima, as well as Tangents, which is impeded neither by *Fractional nor Irrational Quantities, and a Remark­ able Type of Calculus for this. (1684)

l'HôspitalEdit

  • Analysis of the Infinitely Small (1696)

EulerEdit

  • Introductio in Analysin Injinitorum (1748)
  • Opera Omnia (73 volumes of collected papers)

GaussEdit

  • New proof of the theorem that every integral algebraic function of one variable can be resolved into real factors (1799)
  • Disquisitiones Arithmeticae (1801)

Marie-Sophie GermainEdit

  • Annales de chimie et de physique (1831)

CantorEdit

  • On a Property of the Collection of All Real Algebraic Numbers (1874)
  • Discours de la méthode (1637)

Bertrand Russell and WhiteheadEdit

  • Principia Mathematica (1910)

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